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Hemiplegia

Hemiplegia is a paralysis of one side of the body that affects both upper and lower extremities. The term hemiparesis may also be used, but that term denotes a one-sided weakness in both the upper and lower extremities. Because it can be difficult to differentiate a profound weakness from a complete paralysis, both terms are often linked (e.g., “the patient presented with a left sided hemiplegia/-paresis”). Noting any weakness or paralysis that affects one side of the body is diagnostically useful to the Speech–Language pathologist. The type and extent of communication deficits the patient may have can be predicted by the side of the body that is involved. If the right side of the body shows hemiplegia, this is a confirmatory sign that the site ...

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