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India, Higher Education in

Higher education in India is an important parameter for India’s socioeconomic development and also for keeping the Indian democratic system in place. For a large population of India, higher education plays a major role in meeting the requirement of a competent workforce, which is demanded by Indian industries and in government, public, and private sectors. India has an ever-increasing demand for higher education and skilled personnel in a large number of disciplines. This entry highlights the historical perspective of higher education in India followed by the status of higher education in contemporary Indian society.

Historical Perspective of Higher Education in India

Large universities existed in ancient India, and India led the world in higher education. Takshila University (700 BCE), Nalanda University (5th century CE), and Vikramshila University ...

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