Definitions of globalization typically emphasize heightened international or global contact, which includes increasing global links between people, money, ideas, governments, knowledge, education, technology, corporations, land, borders, and culture—to name a few constitutive components. In neutral conceptions of the term, globalization is portrayed as an element of social structures (e.g., similar to how water is a physical element in nature). Generic definitions, however, do not fully account for the role of power and dominance in globalization. The following sections offer some complexity to understanding globalization and higher education.

Phenomenon, Process, and Social Construct

Historical trade routes, imperial expansion, and rule by extension (colonialism) are early examples of globalization. The contemporary notion of the concept begins with an increase in global interconnections starting in the second half of the ...

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