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China, Higher Education Reform in

In a Chinese context, equity in higher education refers to the idea of improving access to higher education for women and students from west China, the rural communities, and lower income and ethnic minority backgrounds. It also refers to the aspiration of guaranteeing their success in higher education institutions regardless of their socioeconomic status, gender, and/or ethnicity. There is a consensus that widening their participation would be a valuable investment since it brings benefits to graduates, provides highly qualified human resources to the nation (which is committed to action on human capital to drive economic development), and promotes social mobility. This entry describes policy reforms in recent years designed to advance equity in higher education in China.

The Chinese higher education system is heavily influenced ...

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