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China, Higher Education in

China has one of the largest higher education systems in the world. In 2018, it had more than 27.5 million regular undergraduate students, 5.4 million adult education students, 7.4 million online learning students, and 2.6 million graduate students. China’s higher education system consists of 2,631 regular higher education institutions (HEIs), 282 adult HEIs, and 800 other nongovernment HEIs. The majority of HEIs are public colleges and universities, which are heavily supported by the government and are seen as higher in quality. Private institutions do not enjoy the policy, funding, public recognition, and other privileges that public institutions have so they are more restricted in getting well-trained faculty, recruiting students, conferring degrees, degree validation, and obtaining equal treatment for graduates seeking employment.

China’s higher education system ...

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