Launched with the Bologna Declaration of 1999, the Bologna Process has ensured that higher education is a central issue on the European political agenda. As of 2018, almost 50 countries were participating in the process of developing the European Higher Education Area. The concept of curriculum was not at the core in the first communiqué, although it declared that curriculum development is important for the promotion of European dimensions in higher education. However, objectives and action lines in the communiqués and reports from the biennial ministerial Bologna meetings express clear expectations with regard to curricular reforms. To reach the common goal to enhance employability and mobility and increase the international competitiveness of European higher education, curricular changes are necessary.

This entry describes the curriculum policy ...

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