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UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women

The United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) defines what constitutes discrimination against women and girls and, in 30 articles, sets out a comprehensive framework for tackling gender inequality. Article 1 defines discrimination against women as including:

Any distinction, exclusion, or restriction made on the basis of sex which has the effect or purpose of impairing or nullifying the recognition, enjoyment, or exercise by women, irrespective of their marital status, on a basis of equality of men and women, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil, or any other field.

Known as the International Bill of Rights for Women, CEDAW had been ratified by 189 member states (state parties) as of August 2019. This ...

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