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Student–Athletes

Within U.S. institutions of higher education, student–athletes are both students and amateur athletes who compete in intercollegiate sports. Student–athletes’ academic experiences may differ from nonathletes and other student–athletes on the basis of personal traits such as race, gender, and academic preparedness. Moreover, national governing body rules and regulations, institutional affiliation, and type of sport played differentiate the experiences of student–athletes. Their dual role status provides them with the benefits of being students in institutions of higher education and also benefits associated with being an athlete. Many student–athletes may struggle to effectively manage their academic and athletic responsibilities, but research indicates the majority still excel academically and express enjoyment from being a student–athlete. This entry discusses the policies and rules involving student–athletes in the United States, ...

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