South Korea, Higher Education in

The characteristics of the South Korean higher education system, as summarized by Namgi Park in 1995, are as follows: (a) The private sector comprises around 80% of the total enrollment of students; (b) there has been little financial support for the private sector; (c) all institutions are under the strong supervision of the Ministry of Education; (d) the ratio of higher education students to the general population is highest in the world, but the general conditions in higher education institutions are poor by comparison; (e) students pay their own educational expenses—students in private universities and colleges pay around 80% of their total educational expenses, whereas students in national institutions pay around 50%; and (f) higher education in South Korea (hereafter referred to as Korea) underwent ...

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