Sociology involves the study of societies and is concerned with how different social arrangements work for society as a whole and the different social groups within it. It strives to discern the underlying factors that underpin and cause or shape negative and positive outcomes for individuals, groups, organisations, and wider societies. The focus of sociology is broad, and in generating knowledge about social systems and the processes that constitute society, sociologists explore societies at different levels. Macro-level research focuses on global society, geographic regions, or nation-states. Meso-level studies tend to explore the role and purpose of organisations, such as schools, hospitals, laboratories, and so forth. Micro-level sociology tends to focus more on individuals. However, as these levels are interlinked, many studies attempt to explore the ...

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