Persons With Disabilities: Students

This entry provides an overview of the international policy and legislative context in relation to students with disabilities in higher education. This is followed by a discussion of rates of participation in higher education of students with disabilities in different European countries and by type of impairment. Finally, future challenges faced by all developed countries in relation to the inclusion of students with disabilities are discussed.

Legislative and Policy Background

The United States was the first Western country to introduce comprehensive antidiscrimination legislation. The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) provided the legal basis for equal opportunity and access for disabled people. The law prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, state and local government, public accommodations, commercial facilities, transportation, and telecommunications. Universities were ...

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