Open Access

Open access (OA), a central feature of the remaking of scholarly communications in the digital age, is an international movement aimed at providing access to research according to standards that challenge traditional ways of disseminating knowledge. The declaration that emerged from the 2002 Budapest Open Access Initiative, recognized as the origin of the movement, says this:

An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment. The new technology is the Internet.

The OA research literature envisioned in all fields is digital, online, free of charge, and without most copyright and licensing restrictions. While OA has only slowly gained ...

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