Learning organizations are defined as

organizations where people continually expand their capacity to create the results they truly desire, where new and expansive patterns of thinking are nurtured, where collective aspiration is set free, and where people are continually learning to see the whole together. (Senge, 1990, p. 3)

Learning organizations are considered dynamic systems where the organization is in a continual state of adaptation and improvement. This entry provides an overview of learning organizations, then explores their characteristics and various perspectives on them, the basic problem in organizations and possible solutions based on the practices of a learning organization, and their application in higher education.


The concept of learning organizations was first coined by Peter Senge, an American systems scientist; his ideas on learning organizations are ...

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