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Leadership Versus Management

The relationship of leadership and management to organizational effectiveness is of global interest, and the research and advice on this topic are voluminous. Interest in leadership dates to Plato and Socrates, while management as a scholarly inquiry is of more recent vintage, paralleling the emergence of industrial society and scientific management in the late 19th century.

The challenges faced by college and university leadership have increased dramatically in the wake of globalization, market competition, precarious funding, and higher demands for accountability. Accordingly, leaders are expected to meet a large number of, and sometimes conflicting, goals through solid management coupled with creative and innovative leadership. Since the turn of the 21st century, the corporatization of higher education has accelerated the expansion of management terminology and practices and ...

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