• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Key State Policies

By and large, universities can be considered a national project with an international vocation. Historically, higher education has been strongly associated with nation-building. There are multiple examples of the importance of internationalisation, regionalisation, and globalisation in higher education, such as frequent international student mobility and international collaborations in teaching and research, the existence of collective international initiatives such as the Bologna Process in Europe, or the existence of global higher education rankings. Yet today, and whilst higher education policy is not only constructed at the national level, the national level continues to be central and shapes much of its contours.

Governments use two basic policy instruments in higher education: (1) funding and (2) regulation. For example, using the term ‘university’ or to pretend to offer university ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles