Israel, Higher Education in

The Israeli higher education system has experienced dramatic changes since statehood in 1948. Originating from three selective research institutions established during the British rule of Palestine (1918–1948), it expanded in the following decades to more than 60 institutions, collectively enrolling almost half of all high school graduates each year. Alongside this quantitative expansion, the Israeli higher education system has demonstrated its commitment to scientific excellence, through, for example, several Nobel laureates, groundbreaking research in diverse academic fields, and numerous medical and technological innovations. But concurrently, the higher education system is characterized by large social gaps, especially along ethno-religious and gender lines; frequent budgetary crises; and the continuing struggle to preserve academic freedom and institutional independence vis-à-vis political pressures.


Efforts by the Zionist movement to establish higher ...

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