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This entry offers an overview of the history of bread, flour, and milling technology followed by a description of different flours in use today.

Overview: How the Industry of Milling Developed

Today, bread is a staple food for many people around the world. It is difficult to say how long that has been so; however, it seems safe to say that it has been the base of the diet in the West following the agricultural revolution some 10,000 years ago, spreading from the Middle East through Europe and eventually around the globe. Milled flour is the main ingredient in bread, leavened or unleavened, and has been used since humans found out that it was possible to crush wild starchy grains and mix them with water before cooking, ...

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