Soil Degradation and Conservation

Soil is among the most critical resources available to living organisms and the entire Earth’s ecosystem. Currently, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 10% of the Earth’s outer surface is made up of soil and other minerals usable and essential for organic development. The health and efficiency of soil depends on the region; organic elements, including worms and bacteria; as well as climate. Other essential organic components, such as water availability, depend on proper soil management. As the passage of water underneath the Earth’s surface occurs, water is cleaned and purified of detrimental toxins. Soil organic matter is essential to soil functionality and determines the improvement of functions such as drainage and nutrient storage. Soil organic matter also allows for the breakdown and storage ...

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