Aflatoxins are a group of poisonous chemicals that are produced by certain species of molds that can grow on food. Aflatoxins are among the most studied types of mycotoxins, which are fungal toxins produced by molds, yeasts, or mushrooms. Two species of fungus, Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus, can produce aflatoxins, although other types of fungi are also known to produce them. Foods in which aflatoxins are commonly found include corn, peanuts, rice, sorghum, dried fruit, tree nuts, and spices that have been stored under damp conditions. People who consume foods contaminated with aflatoxins can become ill with mild to serious liver disease. This entry describes the major aflatoxins that affect humans, aflatoxicosis and other effects, and efforts to prevent and monitor aflatoxins in the ...

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