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Current definitions of technology integration comprise using computer- or digital-based tools to support teaching and learning in today’s K–12 classrooms. Unlike most definitions, this one is not fixed, as the goals for technology integration continue to evolve. For example, when desktop computers were first introduced into K–12 classrooms in the early to mid-1980s, integration was aimed at teaching students how to use BASIC or Logo programming languages to make the computer accomplish simple tasks. In the mid- to late-1990s, integration emphasized increasing students’ productivity skills through the use of common software programs such as word processing and spreadsheet applications.

Today, the integration process focuses on putting digital devices into the hands of K–12 students to facilitate their collaboration with local and distant peers to solve authentic ...

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