Adaptive Testing

An adaptive test is a test, or other psychological or educational measuring instrument, in which the items or questions administered to each examinee are dynamically selected for that examinee based on the responses during the test. Adaptive tests contrast with conventional fixed-form tests that administer a constant set of items to each examinee. Well-designed adaptive tests can allow the number of items, as well as item content, to vary across examinees while permitting constant measurement precision for all examinees; with conventional tests, item content and number of items are constant but measurement precision is permitted to vary across examinees.

Adaptive tests can be designed to measure continuous variables, such as ability, achievement, personality, and preferences, and other psychological and educational variables; they can also be ...

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