Student response systems (SRSs), sometimes called personal response systems (PRS) or classroom performance systems (CPS), are electronic, generally wireless, means of communicating between instructors and students. While typical applications involve the use of simple wireless keypads (clickers) by each student in a classroom setting to respond to questions posed by instructors, SRS use is not limited to physical classrooms. As educational technologies and classrooms evolve, the purposes and functions of SRSs are evolving as well. This entry first discusses the technology needed for classroom SRSs, the background of these systems, and their use in classrooms and online classes. It then discusses the benefits and drawbacks of SRSs and developing trends in the systems’ use.

Basic Classroom Technology

The keypads are small, handheld transmitters, typically with five to ...

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