Neuroscience and Learning

Understanding the complex functions of the brain (e.g., sensation, emotion, consciousness, cognition, and action) is a core concern in neuroscience. With its 200 billion neurons and trillions of synapses (neuronal connectors), the brain is one of the most complex structures known. Each neuron has the processing capability of a small computer, and a considerable number of neurons are active simultaneously. This means that a human brain has computational power roughly equal to billions of interacting computers and a more advanced network of nodes than the Internet has. This entry discusses how our very limited understanding of the brain informs what we know about how people learn, including how they learn to read and learn mathematics. This entry also discusses popular myths about the brain, ...

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