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A massive open online course (MOOC) is a kind of online (Internet-based) course that typically involves a large number of students completing a particular course of study. A MOOC has some dimension of openness in that it may use open educational resources (OERs, which are openly licensed) and students can often enroll and participate free of charge. MOOCs arose to prominence in the late 2000s and have experienced rapid growth in North America and across the world. Recently MOOCs have been widely hyped as representing a fundamental shift in both the practice and business of education. The hype may be decreasing now as the realities of designing, managing, and paying for free large-scale courses present obstacles that institutions must be prepared to overcome. This entry ...

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