Modeling is an instructional strategy in which the students learn by observing the teacher. Through modeling, students imitate particular behaviors that facilitate learning. As psychologist Albert Bandura has noted, modeling allows people to learn new behaviors without relying strictly on the effects of their own actions. This entry discusses how modeling is used in instruction, with a particular focus on the use of computer-based simulation.

Modeling can be used across disciplines and in all grade and ability levels. Types of modeling include but are not limited to (1) disposition modeling, (2) task and performance modeling, (3) metacognitive modeling, and (4) student-centered modeling. In dispositional modeling, teachers demonstrate values and ways of thinking to help develop character and communities. In task and performance modeling, teachers demonstrate tasks ...

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