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Constructivist theory is a learning theory. Constructivist theory considers learning as a process in which people learn and construct new knowledge based on their previous experiences. According to constructivist theory, learning is a complex and nonlinear process, and it is a reconstruction rather than a transmission of knowledge. In the process, individuals learn by constructing mental models, conceptual frameworks, or paradigms to understand the world around them.

Constructivist theory is often discussed in comparison with other learning theories such as behaviorist (synonymous with objectivist) theory and cognitive theory. Behaviorists such as B. F. Skinner and Edward Thorndike believe that humans learn by practicing, repeating, and becoming conditioned so that they can acquire new knowledge and skills. In contrast to behaviorist theory, cognitive theorists believe that the ...

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