Conditions of Learning: Gagné’s Nine Events of Instruction

The nine events of instruction are the component functions needed for the design of effective instruction. Robert Gagné formalized the external conditions of learning creating a set of nine instructional events that should be considered for effective instruction. The nine events arise from his work on the conditions of learning that describe the factors that affect learning, which he called the conditions of learning. These include both internal factors such as the learner’s readiness and mental processing and also external factors such as learning activities and how they are managed. Gagné’s main idea is that in order for various types of learning capability to be acquired, certain types of conditions must be met.

The purpose of the nine events is to bring about the appropriate kinds ...

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