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The term competency in a learning context is the knowledge, skill, and attitudinal abilities that facilitate individuals to utilize appropriate technologies and perform effectively. A competency framework is an organization of competencies in different categories based on the kinds of functions or tasks an individual is likely to undertake for a given occupation. A competency model is a structured framework that specifies and describes the set of competencies required and the standards to be established for effective performance. Competency frameworks and models are significant since they can facilitate development of competencies among educational professionals by serving as a valuable tool for validation, certification, curriculum design, and human resource development. This entry discusses the significance and background of competency frameworks, the definition of competency, and characteristics ...

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