Cognitive Apprenticeship

Cognitive apprenticeship was developed as an approach to designing computer tutors and learning environments by Allan Collins and John Seely Brown. Because computers make one-on-one teaching possible, apprenticeship methods of teaching and learning are once again viable. But the content that schooling teaches is much more abstract than the traditional content that apprenticeship taught. Cognitive apprenticeship is designed to apply the pedagogy of apprenticeship to teaching content that schooling emphasizes.


In ancient times, teaching and learning were accomplished through apprenticeship. Adults taught children how to grow crops, craft cabinets, or tailor clothes by showing them how and by helping them do it. Apprenticeship was the vehicle for transmitting the knowledge required for expert practice in fields from painting and sculpting to medicine and law. In modern ...

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