Case-Based Reasoning and Educational Technology

Case-based reasoning (CBR) is a model of cognition that encourages recollection of relevant experiences in order to solve new problems in similar contexts. The theory is based on the assertion that memory is episodic and referenced in the form of cases. CBR posits that an individual identifies relevant problem-solving experiences from memory and extrapolates how the present situation aligns with previous experiences. As new experiences are encountered, an individual will try to explain why something does not occur as expected based on similarities with previous experiences. In doing so, the individual remembers relevant cases. Cases in education serve as a basis for abstraction, save atypical episodes that modify extant knowledge structures, and act as catalysts for analogical transfer.

As individuals solve new problems, individuals retrieve relevant ...

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