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Immigrant Enclaves

The immigrant enclave is a place where a significant portion of the immigrant workforce works in enterprises owned by co-ethnics. The term immigrant is often substituted with ethnic. The formation of enclaves arises from the tendency of recent immigrants to concentrate spatially and to create economic spaces that are geographically and functionally separated from the rest of the economy. Such tendencies have been observed since the beginning of contemporary migration. Migrants may concentrate in specific places because they are socially/spatially excluded from other places because of a discriminatory housing market and as a form of residential segregation. On the other hand, migrants may concentrate because they benefit from proximity with members of the same community. New migrants tend to rely on socioeconomic networks bounded by ...

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