Psychologists and behavioral psychologists have explained fear as one type of emotion: Fear is a negative emotion caused by seen and unseen threats that may or may not happen. However, defining what “fear” is remains a complex task and has been a central concern among psychologists and neuroscientists over many decades. This article describes fear from psychologists and neuroscientists’ perspectives and examines fear related to economy, economic behaviors, and decision making.

What Is Fear?

The psychologist Robert Plutchik suggests that fear is one of the eight primary emotions including joy, anticipation, anger, disgust, sadness, surprise, and trust. Fear is a negative emotion. Another psychologist, Paul Ekman, argues that fear is one of the basic emotions, along with anger, sadness, enjoyment, disgust, and surprise. Fear is an emotion ...

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