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Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), established on July 2, 1965, is the federal law enforcement agency that polices workplace discrimination in the United States. It was designed to monitor progress toward the ideal of an equal employment opportunity society in the United States.

Establishment

On March 9, 1961, President John F. Kennedy issued Executive Order 10925, mandating that federal contractors take “affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin.” The concept of affirmative action, as mentioned in this executive order, was still unclear and vaguely defined. How would it be measured? How would compliance be enforced?

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 further prohibited discrimination in employment, and under Title ...

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