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Chinese Immigration

The Chinese were the first Asian group that immigrated to the United States in large numbers. The Chinese are currently the largest Asian group in the United States. This essay analyzes the immigration of Chinese to America and their experience of restriction and exclusion in the pre-1965 period. It also examines the post-1965 Chinese immigration.

Pre-1965 Chinese Immigration and Exclusion

Despite some early sporadic arrivals of Chinese in Baltimore in 1785, in Monterey in 1796, and in other areas before the mid-1840s, the first wave of Chinese immigration did not start until after gold was discovered in John Sutter’s mill northeast of Sacramento on January 24, 1848, 9 days before California was ceded by Mexico to the United States. In February 1848, three Chinese, two men and ...

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