“Charisma” may generically be defined as a personal attribute, deemed extraordinary or supernatural, possessed by certain individuals recognized as favored by God, providing them a form of authority grounded on how they pursue their tasks and projects. This distinctive authority is manifested in the relationships established between a guide and a group of followers and is typical of environments where both rational rules and forms of authority grounded on tradition tend to possess reduced influence. It is legitimized by the notion of mission and the peculiar conduct of one particular individual, based on the recognition and involvement of followers. The “disciple” follows the “leader” as a result of dedication and affective personal connection—not by statutory position, official dignity, or tradition but rather based on the ...

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