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The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) was created on March 1, 2003, with the responsibility of protecting the borders and ports of entry of the United States. With its creation, the CBP combined the U.S. Border Patrol with some segments of the U.S. Customs Service, U.S. Immigration, and the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. The Border Patrol is the most renowned division of the CBP, with 21,391 agents, making it one of the largest law enforcement agencies in the United States.

History

The Border Patrol was established on May 28, 1924, with the passage of the Labor Appropriation Act. This act allowed the hiring of 450 patrol inspectors. At that time, the Border Patrol was part of the Bureau of Immigration, with powers to arrest ...

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