Teaching to the Test

Educational systems using standardized tests generally induce a variety of adaptive practice strategies to improve student achievement. These are commonly known as teaching to the test. Most strategies lead to a prioritization of test-relevant subjects and, within these subjects, to an exaggerated focus on test-relevant content. The overall result is a better achievement when tested but a general disregard of higher-level-thinking skill acquisition. A number of strategies at the institutional and personal level can contribute to closing the gap between teaching to the test and the general aims of education and standardized testing in a specific country or region.

Standardized Performance Tests

Standardized tests aim at comparable performance. To achieve comparability, the standardization of questions and conditions of administering, scoring, and interpretation are predetermined. While standardized tests ...

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