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Promotion is in a psychological sense rooted in humans’ need for development and change, but also humans’ need for the conquest of control and power. In organizational research, promotion is related to the notion of career, and in this sense, promotion refers to the advancement of an employee’s position or rank in an organization’s hierarchical structure. Career advancement and promotion are sometimes used interchangeably. All promotions are conceived of as career advancement, but not all career advancements are promotions. Career advancement is a broader concept and may occur within or outside an organization, whereas promotions always take place within one organization and usually involve more formal steps of progression for its employees. Promotions may entail a change in occupational title, larger office, new tasks, and/or ...

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