Karl Marx (1818–83) has unquestionably produced a very important set of ideas patently influencing current economic and social thought. Among them comes first the notion that social classes are a crucial element to consider in order to fully understand the deep logic and the dynamics of societies, deemed to be an output of the essentially conflictual nature of class relations. According to what Marx himself explicitly and emphatically posited to be a founding assumption of his reasoning—inasmuch as we do not usually evaluate a man based on his self-image but rather try to become acquainted with his actual life, thereby becoming able to fully understand and contextualize the aforementioned self-image—we ought not to consider any given epoch or society based on the discourses such ...

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