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Leninism is a theory in Marxist philosophy that refers to the development of a new party in society. It is the idea behind the creation of a dictatorship that rules society, and the political ideology responsible for supporting socialism in society. The theory was developed by the Russian revolutionary and later Soviet premier Vladimir Lenin. Leninism has its foundations in Marxism, and it consists of socialist economic and political theories. In addition to Marxist theories, Leninism has also been built with the personal interpretations of Lenin of Marxist theory and its application on a practical basis to the sociopolitical conditions of the agrarian, early-20th-century Russian Empire.

In 1917 and for the next 5 years, Leninism as an ideology was the Russian application of Marxist economic and ...

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