Japanese Internment

Japanese internment refers to the removal of tens of thousands of Japanese nationals and citizens living in the United States to camps from 1942 to 1945, by Executive Order 9066. They were relocated to military areas in Washington, Oregon, California, and Arizona. This resulted in the loss of millions of dollars in property and personal possessions. The impact of such a traumatizing forfeiture should have adversely diminished the material and human capital investments of those interned, but the Japanese retained their human capital investment capacity.

Japanese Immigration

The Japanese arrived in America, filling the cheap-labor niche, not long after the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882. Many of them immigrated to California; however, Japanese workers were also sought after in the northwest as the Alaska Gold Rush of ...

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