Noncontact Sexual Offending, Theories of

Myriad theories have been proposed to explain why individuals engage in sex offenses. Experts from various disciplines such as psychology, biology, sociology, evolutionary psychology, and anthropology, among others, have posited theories to explain deviant sexual behavior. Predominantly, psychological, biological, and integrated theories shall be focused upon as they relate to noncontact sexual offenses.

Noncontact sexual offenders are described as those who engage in criminal acts, for sexual gratification, without physical contact to a victim. Acts of noncontact offending can include voyeurism, exhibitionism, online interaction via the Internet with children, and possessing and/or viewing child pornography. As discussed in Richard Krueger and Meg Kaplan’s 2016 chapter on noncontact paraphilic sexual offenses, the gravity of noncontact offenses is emphasized by many experts such as Gene Abel and ...

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