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Low Intellectual Functioning in Incarcerated Offenders, Treatment of

In prison and jail, inmates with low intellectual functioning (i.e., IQ below 70) tend to be at greater risk of both violent behaviors and victimization due to their difficulty in responding to social cues and adjusting to a stressful environment. Those with intellectual disability comprise 2–3% of the general population but represent 4–10% of the prison population, with an even greater number in jails. One study examined the number of people with disabilities in state and federal prisons and discovered that less than 1% of the prison population had some type of physical disability with 4.2% experiencing a form of intellectual disability. Those with lower intellectual functioning tend to have special needs and may experience difficulties in verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, memory, attention span, ...

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