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Global Imprisonment

The institution of the modern prison is an invention of the early 19th century. As such, it was inspired by the ideas of the enlightenment and religious reform movements and was generally an attempt at alleviating the plight of prisoners, helping them reform for a life without crime, and integrating them into the emerging world of industrial societies. The prison turned out to be one of the most successful institutions ever and is certainly the most widely adopted criminal justice institution. Its diffusion across the globe was unprecedented in terms of its velocity and the diversity of contexts in which it took hold despite great cultural, political, and economic differences, and a mounting lack of evidence that it, in fact, could achieve its objectives ...

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