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Female Offenders

Girls and women account for between 2% and 9% of the world’s incarcerated population. Although these numbers may not seem particularly distressing, it is necessary to emphasize that, worldwide, the female incarceration rate increased 50% between 2000 and 2015. This increase is almost 3 times higher than the corresponding rate for males.

Historically, scholars and correctional agencies have intentionally or unintentionally ignored female offenders. Further, early explanations of female criminal conduct were sexist, suggesting that men commit crime because of external causes such as poverty or peer pressure, whereas women commit crime because of internal causes such as faulty biology. However, this is no longer the case. In the early 21st century, scholars who study crime began to take an active interest in understanding why ...

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