Eyewitness testimony refers to the report of an event provided by someone who observed this event and often involves the recollection of details surrounding a witnessed crime as well as identification of participating offenders. Frequently, eyewitness testimony is the most compelling source of evidence in criminal trials and may be the only evidentiary support that links a suspect to the crime committed. Research shows that statements presented by eyewitnesses are influenced by a number of different factors that extend beyond the mere recollection of the event. This is of particular relevance given that inaccurate eyewitness testimony is the leading cause of false convictions in the United States. This entry introduces the role of eyewitness testimony in criminal cases, discusses variables that can influence the accuracy ...

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