Driving under the influence (DUI)—also known as driving while intoxicated in some jurisdictions, drunk driving, or impaired driving—refers to when the driver of a motor vehicle has consumed an amount of alcohol or drugs, including prescription medication that causes impaired functioning. This consumption negatively impacts processes involved in driving such as attention, sense, perception, decision-making, and execution, resulting in an increased likelihood of a traffic accident. DUI is considered a serious criminal offence in most countries and is punishable by heavy penalties including civil or criminal (although in the United States, penalties for DUI are criminal in nature).

This entry reviews road traffic injuries as a public health concern, DUI as a major risk factor for road traffic injuries, effects of DUI, strategies to reduce ...

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