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Criminogenic Needs, Targeting

The concept of criminogenic needs is drawn from the Risk-Need-Responsivity (RNR) model, which was developed by correctional psychologists in response to the nothing works movement in correctional rehabilitation. The RNR model is composed of three principles: the Risk, Need, and Responsivity principles. According to the second principle (i.e., the Need principle), an intervention will be most effective at reducing criminal recidivism when it engages treatment targets that have been found to have the strongest association with criminal behavior.

The RNR model identifies eight factors that have been found to have strong associations with criminal offending. Each of these factors has two components, a criminogenic risk and a criminogenic need. Criminogenic risk factors consist of dynamic and static sets of personal traits and characteristics that have ...

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