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Offenders have many needs. They may have mental health issues, physical complaints, and substance abuse, to name a few. Treatment providers often attempt to address and alleviate these needs. For high-risk offenders, the needs are many, and the ability to meet these needs often outstrips the supply of available services. Criminogenic needs are those needs that are amenable to change, predict offender criminal behavior, and are possibly causal. This entry begins with a description of criminogenic needs and describes research findings in support of this concept to give service providers a beacon to which to direct their treatment efforts and make more efficient and effective uses of their resources.

Development of the Concept of Criminogenic Needs

The period between 1950 and the mid-1970s was arguably the ...

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