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Criminal Risk Assessment, General Offending

Criminal risk assessment refers to the process of predicting an individual’s risk of future criminal activity. The purposes of criminal risk assessment are to identify those individuals at higher risk of future offending and inform interventions designed to reduce an individual’s risk of future offending. Risk assessment is utilized in a variety of contexts, both criminal and noncriminal. In criminal contexts, criminal risk assessment is used to inform legal and correctional decisions across the criminal justice spectrum, including during pretrial detention/bail, juvenile transfer, and sentencing (state, federal, and capital); determining security levels for prisoners; determining appropriate probation/parole supervision conditions; and reentry planning. In noncriminal (civil) settings, risk assessments are used to predict an individual’s potential for violence in the workplace, determine whether a sex ...

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